The army now faces the SLA and the Israelis in Jezzine, just north of the SLA's so-called security zone. “We are interested in conflicts and dialogue,” Weaver tells The National. “I wanted to see how someone, who cannot see, would solve this problem in a country that’s bureaucratic, because stories like Rabih’s have taken place before,” Boulghourjian said. The Lebanese Civil War was both an internal Lebanese affair and a regional conflict involving a host of regional and international actors. Conflicts over these issues intersected with longstanding disagreements in the Lebanese political elite, and in parts of the population, over the secta… “In reality, the situation is much more complex, and that’s what propelled me to do this movie: to delve into the multilayered aftereffect of the war on present Lebanese society; to search for some clarity, to understand this country better.”. They heard a man with a powerful voice singing Christian hymns, but he sounded like a muezzin. note-0Filmed in Beirut, the feature-length documentarynote-1 includes the testimonies of Assad, a right-wing Christian intelligence officer, Ahed, a Palestinian refugee and Nassim, a Communist commander, all fighting for different parties, against each other, during the civil war. Oman Library at the Middle East Institute. Sometimes they filmed for eight hours straight, without intervening in their subjects’ speeches in order to let them express themselves fully in their own words. Behind About A War are married couple, Daniele Rugo and Abi Weaver. About A War lets three ex-fighters talk about their time during the clashes. That’s why language is so important in the movie, where we spend more time with fighters talking than sensationalist footage: when memory is contested, language can weave it all.”. In Israel itself the film has caused some controversy. “After the war ended, everyone was so hopeful that we’d live in the Lebanon of the ‘60s we all dreamed and have been told about, but that never came. At the age of 18, during the Lebanese civil war, Ziad leaves Lebanon to study in the US. In Boulghourjian’s generation, there isn’t a single person that has not been affected by the war. Assaad Chaftari, co-founder and vice-president of Beirut’s NGO Fighters for Peace, introduced them to Nassim. “It’s more a question of personal network,” Weaver explains. The director Ziad Doueiri made an incendiary film where it all starts with a row between two men on the streets of Beirut, which turns into a national Lebanese affair. “But the more we looked at how the infrastructure worked as a weapon of war, the more we became interested in the people behind this: the fighters,” ­explains Rugo. What Biden’s election means for Hezbollah, Lebanese maritime security: Navigating rough seas with good policy, Civil Society and Political Transitions in the MENA Region and Southeast Asia, Islam, Migrants and Multiculturalism: A Glance at Germany, Korea and Beyond. Both met during their studies at Goldsmiths, University of London, and united their paths both professionally and personally. Rugo is an Italian filmmaker and lecturer at Brunel University in London, and Weaver is a British former TV producer who is now studying for a PhD in film at The University of Surrey. Lebanese Civil War, civil conflict (1975–90) in Lebanon emanating from the deterioration of the Lebanese state and the coalescence of militias that provided security where the state could not. DIY futures in the Middle East: What if small got bigger? “I didn’t want to pretend to be blind because I don’t know what it is to be blind,” Boulghourjian said. Four decades ago, on 13 April 1975, the Lebanese civil war broke out. The Lebanese civil war is a civil war that lastest for 15 years, a war that occurred in more recent times yet many have not understood or paid attention to the consequences of this internal conflict. Being born in 1988 my knowledge of the Lebanese civil war is extremely low due to a few facts. The cinema of Lebanon, according to film critic and historian Roy Armes, is the only other cinema in the Arabic-speaking region, beside Egypt's, that could amount to a national cinema. The Insult (Arabic: قضية رقم ٢٣ ‎, romanized: Qadiyya raqm 23, lit. “We decided to use the ex-fighters’ stories to send a message and to educate, offer experiences on war, and form the idea that the truth of what happened is composed of many narratives,” Weaver says. During the conflict thousands of teenagers picked up arms to fight in a 15 years war that tore the nation apart. Films depicting the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990).. Lebanon (Hebrew: לבנון ‎ Lvanon; called Lebanon: The Soldier's Journey in the UK) is a 2009 internationally co-produced war film directed by Samuel Maoz. Another NGO led the team to Ahed. Beware of Small States: Lebanon, Battleground of the Middle East by David Hirst. The couple received a grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Council in the United Kingdom and started a three-year work project between Beirut and London, collecting testimonies from victims and aid agencies, as well as ex-fighters. Filmed in Beirut, the feature-length documentary. Tramontane, the standout Lebanese film of the year and one of the most accomplished Arab productions of 2016, is a moving, impressively subtle study about collective amnesia, the fallibility of memory, and the impossibility of truth. They not a documentary but I found them to narrate rather accurate what was happening on the social level in the civil war. Each of those films, in one way or another, was an attempt to integrate the war into the fabric of the contemporary Lebanese narrative; to act as a bridge between Lebanon’s bloody past and its uncertain present. Zaven and Boulghorjian approached Jabbour and he was eager to do the film. Courtesy of Daniele Rugo & Abi Weaver A chance to stop struggling in life and be done with feeling defeated all the time.” Rugo estimated that the lack of a shared narrative about the Lebanese civil war was preventing the country to recover: “People are rarely exposed to what other communities feel or have been exposed to. In 1990, the Taif agreement brought the war to a close, integrating warring parties into a … August 26: The national assembly grants amnesty for all crimes committed during the civil war. That’s how the story came about.”. Rabih then embarks on an existential journey in rural Lebanon to uncover his true identity, and in the process discovers a nation too fearful to hold a mirror to its past. This civil war was of epic proportions and actually had outside influences that impacted the … But in Vatche Boulghourjian’s striking debut film Tramontane, he wanted to tell a different story and tackle the lingering legacy of the civil war. Both are existential crises; I wanted to pit them against each other and see what happens. While the symbolism and lessons on morality may be heavy-handed, there are very powerful scenes that leave … He now lives in France and works in Europe and the US. But in Vatche Boulghourjian’s striking debut film Tramontane, he wanted to tell a different story and tackle the lingering legacy of the civil war. In About A War, we focused on former fighters.”. Maroun Bagdadi’s Little Wars (1982) and Out of Life (1991); Ziad Doueiri’s West Beirut (1998), and Nadine Labaki’s Where Do We Go Now (2011) explored diverse aspects of the war and its aftermath—rise of sectarianism, changing social structure, and the manifestation of masculinity through violence. “Twenty years since the ‘end’ of the war, we’re still struggling to make this country stand on its own,” he said. note-2Another NGO led the team to Ahed. In April, 1975, civil war breaks out; Beirut is partitioned along a Moslem-Christian line. “I wanted to explore the origins of these values, to show the landscapes that are rarely seen in Lebanese cinema, because this movie is about the country, not the city.”. “I didn’t want to over-stylize it, I wanted to convey the sensation of what it feels like to be in the presence of someone who’s blind and focus solely on the story.”. lets three ex-fighters talk about their time during the clashes. “It’s more a question of personal network,” Weaver explains. Blindness is a central theme in the film and serves both as a motor for the narrative and a metaphor for the state of the entire nation. For example, in the movie, Nassim says: “I felt like the war came to me, and I felt like this war was my chance to change things. I havent seen a documentary that is not bias in some way. Rugo is an Italian filmmaker and lecturer at Brunel University in London, and Weaver is a British former TV producer who is now studying for a PhD in film at The University of Surrey. The war was limited by both Israel and Syria because they were determined to isolate the fighting, not allowing it to turn into an all-out war. See more ideas about lebanese civil war, civil war, war. “For the Olympics, it was from the people’s point of view. Growing up in Lebanon during the Lebanese Civil War, the filmmaker's life in a small Armenian village becomes forever linked to a group of 1915 genocide survivors. Assaad Chaftari, co-founder and vice-president of Beirut’s NGO Fighters for Peace, introduced them to Nassim. “It made perfect sense; the film is about the land and I wanted to have music from the land,” Boulghorjian said. What has been missing since then are the memories of the people who participated in or experienced the conflict. The Syrian Army fielded six divisions and 500 aircraft, while Israel used five divisions and two brigades, plus 600 aircraft. Nov 23, 2014 - Explore Aphram Khalbourji's board "Lebanese Civil War" on Pinterest. “Then all the other stories start to unravel. Lebanese Civil War in 1975-1990. 23', French: L'insulte) is a 2017 Lebanese legal drama film directed by Ziad Doueiri and co-written by Doueiri and Joelle Touma. “I wanted the music to be a foil for the narrative; there’s the emotional narrative, reflected in the songs, and even that changes over the course of the film. “But the more we looked at how the infrastructure worked as a weapon of war, the more we became interested in the people behind this: the fighters,” ­explains Rugo. It includes information about books, encyclopedias, primary sources and other materials covering different aspects of the war. The war never really ended, rather it took another shape. Countless films have been made about the Lebanese Civil War, the dominant subject of Lebanese cinema for the past 40 years. Wartime Witnessing and Post-War Haunting in Lebanese Cinema: Kamran Rastergar’s book Surviving Images describes the series of films that came after the war … Countless films have been made about the Lebanese Civil War, the dominant subject of Lebanese cinema for the past 40 years. 'This Week' travels to The Lebanon to witness first-hand the destruction and chaos the civil war has caused to the country. The Lebanese Leftist leader Kamal Jumblatt - a key figure in the bloody civil war which ended last November - was shot dead yesterday by unknown gunmen in … A feature length documentary exploring violence and social change through the stories of ex-fighters from the Lebanese Civil War. Boulghourjian felt it was important to cast a blind person and not someone who pretended to be blind. In 2009 and 2010, the pair realised their first feature-length documentary, The Olympic Side of London, which focused on the transformation of East London before the Olympics of 2012 with a critical angle. A scene from Incendies.. Sony Pictures Classics. Aoun gets a … “For the Olympics, it was from the people’s point of view. First, I refuse to read a book that is biased to any particular group and it is really hard to find a book that everyone thinks is not biased. includes the testimonies of Assad, a right-wing Christian intelligence officer, Ahed, a Palestinian refugee and Nassim, a Communist commander, all fighting for different parties, against each other, during the civil war. The novels are: "The Story of Zahra" by Hanan al … At Venice, Kamel El Basha won the Volpi Cup for Best Actor. The three describe the reasons behind their involvement in the war, peak moments of the conflict, and their regrets since the war officially ended with the Taif agreement in 1990. “Rabih is blinded physically, but he’s surrounded by people who are blinded psychologically, emotionally, historically. Without any common or public recollection of “the events” as Lebanese people call this time-frame, their testimonies allow the viewers to visualise three points of view and memories that, superposed, give a multiperspective picture of horrendous times. Ziad Doueiri (born in 1963) is a Lebanese-born cinematographer, film director and writer. About A War started as a collaboration with Lebanese sociologist Dana Abi Ghanem at Manchester University, which is working to explore the infrastructure of Lebanon and how it was impacted in Beirut by the civil war. Lebanese Civil War, 1975 to 1978 April 13, 1975: Gunmen attempt to assassinate Maronite Christian Phalangist leader … Sign up to receive the latest publications, event invitations, and our weekly newsletter delivered to your inbox. are married couple, Daniele Rugo and Abi Weaver. Through rare photos and archival footage the feature documentary lyrically travels between © 2018 Middle East Institute All Rights Reserved | Accessibility Policy | Built by Social Driver. Fiction narratives and documentaries shot during and after the war put Lebanese cinema on the international film map. Maureen Clare Murphy The Electronic Intifada 24 May 2011. The tranquil, beautiful landscapes in the film act in contrast to the hideousness of the crimes that have been committed; beyond the surface beauty is a violent truth no one is able to confront yet. The divisions remain, Boulghourjian said, but in cinema they are often reduced to religious or ideological issues. Israeli forces were numerically superior, allowing Israel to maintain both the initiative and an element of surprise. “For Nassim and Assad, we talked more about their experience during the war, and while walking through Chatila [a Palestinian refugee camp in Beirut] to show us the electricity infrastructure, Ahed came to talk little by little about his own experience as well. Lebanese Civil War of 1958. The couple received a grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Council in the United Kingdom and started a three-year work project between Beirut and London, collecting testimonies from victims and aid agencies, as well as ex-fighters. Both met during their studies at Goldsmiths, University of London, and united their paths both professionally and personally. So we decided to focus on that. “For Nassim and Assad, we talked more about their experience during the war, and while walking through Chatila [a Palestinian refugee camp in Beirut] to show us the electricity infrastructure, Ahed came to talk little by little about his own experience as well. was to show not yet another historical documentary, but to tackle the issue of how young people become mobilised and take up weapons in a war. “So many things are still connected to the civil war, like the electricity that the fighters used to cut in some neighborhoods to put pressure on the opposite side,” Weaver adds. The three describe the reasons behind their involvement in the war, peak moments of the conflict, and their regrets since the war officially ended with the Taif agreement in 1990. Two young filmmakers have followed three people who fought on different sides of the Lebanese civil war to explore how the story of conflict is impossible to pin down. Their main goal with About A War was to show not yet another historical documentary, but to tackle the issue of how young people become mobilised and take up weapons in a war. The conflict, which lasted 15 years, cost 150,000 lives, injured 300,000, and led to the emigration of almost a million peo-ple, brought the Lebanese state to near collapse. 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It was screened in the main competition section of the 74th Venice International Film Festival. The Lebanese Civil War, 1975-1990: Issues, Actors, Turning Points, Explanations “There are many kinds of people, and most are malicious.” – Lebanese proverb1 Sixteen years of civil war transformed Lebanon from a political model to a bogeyman. The documentary describes the event that led to the Lebanese civil war (1975-1990), it's highlights and it's aftermath. About a War is a good «sequel» to one of last year’s most interesting movies, the Lebanese film The Insult. In 2009 and 2010, the pair realised their first feature-length documentary, , which focused on the transformation of East London before the Olympics of 2012 with a critical angle. Aftermath. July 1: The Lebanese army defeats the PLO in Saida. So we decided to focus on that. started as a collaboration with Lebanese sociologist Dana Abi Ghanem at Manchester University, which is working to explore the infrastructure of Lebanon and how it was impacted in Beirut by the civil war. Two hundred and fifty thousand dead, one million displaced and 17,000 people still missing: this is what people know from the Lebanese civil war, which lasted from 1975 to 1990 and deeply divided the country. Jabbour’s casting was a happy coincidence, and the relationship he developed with Boulghourjian shaped different facets of the film. What has been missing since then are the memories of the people who participated in or experienced the conflict. The Lebanese Civil War took place from 1975 to 1990 and claimed the lives of some 200,000 people, which left Lebanon in ruins. The Lebanese Civil War saw 170,000 dead, 1 million displaced and 17,000 people still missing. The opening song, “Eb’tely gawab” (Send Me A Letter), sounds so innocent at the beginning, but by the end, the song is transformed into a cry of help, a cry for an answer.”. The dynamics of the war continued without physical violence, and it often erupted in physical violence.”. The score in the film originally had been Western choral music, but Boulghourjian decided to incorporate Jabbour’s talents, and they chose the songs and different elements of the story together. With similar conflicts now spreading through-out the Middle East, Lebanon’s tragic history can Weaver and Rugo spent hours filming the three protagonists, whether just sitting, walking around and talking. I think these former fighters are very brave to come forward because a lot are ashamed, it’s a very difficult process to speak up.”. “Tramontane” will have its Arab premiere next month at the Dubai Film Festival and will debut in Lebanese theaters in March. In 1975, it was still possible to speak of the country as an example In. 1763 N St. NW, Washington D.C. 20036. Without any common or public recollection of “the events” as Lebanese people call this time-frame, their testimonies allow the viewers to visualise three points of view and memories that, superposed, give a multiperspective picture of horrendous times. Unlike previous civil war dramas, he blurs the sectarian boundaries, refusing to identify the characters by their religion or sect to illustrate the complicity of the entire country. More nuanced and unsettling are recent documentaries Sector Zero (2011) by Nadim Mishlawi, and Sleepless Nights (2012) by Eliane Raheb, along with Ely Dagher’s Cannes-winning short Waves ’98 (2015). The Academy Award-nominated Incendies, by Quebecois filmmaker Denis Villeneuve, unforgettably portrays the Lebanese civil war as an operatic Greek tragedy.. Lebanese Civil War: 1975-1991: Projects This is a guide to information resources about the Lebanese civil war. Boulghourjian and music supervisor Cynthia Zaven stumbled upon a group of blind musicians singing in a packed church. Cinema in Lebanon has been in existence since the 1920s, and the country has produced more than 500 films. It revolved around some of the issues that dominated regional politics in the Middle East in the latter part of the 20th century, including the Palestine-Israel conflict, Cold War competition, Arab nationalism and political Islam. He and his cinematographer, Jimmy Lee Phelan, wanted to avoid depicting blindness in the clichéd ways often seen in cinema—dark and out of focus, as if pretending to know what it feels like to be blind. “We are interested in conflicts and dialogue,” Weaver tells, . “Lebanon is not just Beirut, and the people who live in Beirut come from everywhere, and they bring to city their own values and traditions,” Boulghourjian added. the second is that the Lebanese history that I learned at school did not cover the civil war or any recent event. There were numerous other … Tarek is in high school, making Super 8 movies with his friend, Omar. What I did enjoy, is reading two books about the civil war. Lebanon - Lebanon - Civil war: The attempt to establish a centralized state bureaucracy, begun by Chehab and continued by Hélou, came to an end with the election of Suleiman Franjieh to the presidency in August 1970. 'About A War' documentary recalls the Lebanese civil war through three ex-fighters Two young filmmakers have followed three people who fought on different sides of the Lebanese civil war to explore how the story of conflict is impossible to pin down ‘About A War’ stills show Ramlet al-Baida public beach. Jabbour is an expert in Arabic music, and plays several instruments. It won the Golden Lion at the 66th Venice International Film Festival, becoming the first Israeli-produced film to have won that honour. Middle East Institute He is best known for his award winning film West Beirut. Two hundred and fifty thousand dead, one million displaced and 17,000 people still missing: this is what people know from the Lebanese civil war, which lasted from 1975 to 1990 and deeply divided the country. Blind musician Barakat Jabbour plays Rabih, a singer in an Arabic orchestra who, upon applying for a passport, discovers that his birth certificate is forged. 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