See Rashi on preceding verse. לַמְיַלְּדֹת. Of the seven conjugations, three have a dagesh, and four do not. זו מרים שפועה ומדברת והוגה לולד כדרך הנשים המפייסות תינוק הבוכה. 2:5), He increased pain; And he exiled (וַַיֶּגֶל) the survivors (II Chron. 44:25), an expression like וַךְתְּדַבֵּרְנָה, the equivalent of דִבַּרְךְתֶּם for the masculine plural. That is to say: Prepare yourselves for this. 33:17), a swift gazelle (Gen. 49:21). וַיְהִי כָּל נֶפֶשׁ יֹצְאֵי יֶרֶךְ יַעֲקֹב שִׁבְעִים נָפֶשׁ וְיוֹסֵף הָיָה בְמִצְרָיִם: Now were not he and his sons included in the seventy? Exodus Rabbah 15:22 [17] Calcidius, commentary, chs. וְכַאֲשֶׁר יְעַנּוּ אֹתוֹ כֵּן יִרְבֶּה וְכֵן יִפְרֹץ וַיָּקֻצוּ מִפְּנֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל: In whatever [way] they set their heart to afflict [them], so was the heart of the Holy One, blessed be He, to multiply [them] and to strengthen [them]. But [this clause comes] to inform you of Joseph’s righteousness. Commentary on the Tanakh written by Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi). from Sotah 11a]. The Complete Tanakh (Tanach) - Hebrew Bible - Tanakh Online - … Mouse over to Zoom- … Whoever [was not compared to a beast as above] was included by Scriptures in [the expression] and blessed them (Gen. 49:18). מושב האשה היולדת, ובמקום אחר קוראו משבר, וכמוהו (ירמיהו יח ג) עושה מלאכה על האבנים, מושב כלי אומנות יוצר חרס: Pharaoh cared only about the males, because his astrologers told him that a son was destined to be born who would save them. A cub [and] a grown lion (. Our Rabbis, however, interpreted [that Pharaoh said], Let us deal shrewdly with the Savior of Israel [thus interpreting לוֹ as to him] by afflicting them [to die] with water, for He has already sworn that He would not bring a flood to the world. Rashi’s commentary is an essential explanation of the Tanakh and resides in a place of honor on the … ורבותינו דרשו כקוצים היו בעיניהם: So the Egyptians enslaved the children of Israel with back breaking labor. Sapirstein Edition Rashi: The Torah with Rashi's Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vol. רב ושמואל חד אמר חדש ממש. What then does this teach us? Rashi, the medieval French rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (1040–1105), authored monumental commentaries on the Hebrew Bible and the Babylonian Talmud. וַיְהִי כִּי יָרְאוּ הַמְיַלְּדֹת אֶת הָאֱ־לֹהִים וַיַּעַשׂ לָהֶם בָּתִּים: The houses of the priesthood, the Levitic family, and the royal family, which are called houses, as it is written: And he built the house of the Lord and the house of the king, (I Kings 9:1) [sic] 5, the priesthood and the Levitic family from Jochebed and the royal family from Miriam, as is stated in tractate Sotah (11b). Please do not deface or discard. וַיֵּיטֶב, bestowed goodness upon them. Sapirstein Edition Rashi: The Torah with Rashi's Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vol. Sephardi — Jeremiah 1 If it was necessary to supply the infants with food, Ohr Hachayim asks why the midwives did not do it prior to Pharaoh’s decree. בראשית IN THE BEGINNING — Rabbi Isaac said: The Torah which is the Law book of Israel should have commenced with the verse ( With hard labor that crushes the body and breaks it. Its midrashic interpretation is, however: The Holy Spirit says this: You [Pharaoh] say, Lest they multiply, but I say, So will they multiply. Image not available. הטיב להם. 18.3.). Show content in: English Both Hebrew. 2 [Student Size] [From Sotah 11b] [The word וַךְתְּחַיֶּיןָ is found in verse 17 and again in verse 18.] וַיָּמָת יוֹסֵף וְכָל אֶחָיו וְכֹל הַדּוֹר הַהוּא: The children of Israel were fruitful and swarmed and increased and became very very strong, and the land became filled with them. Rashi lived in Troyes, France (1040-1105). וכן (יחזקאל יג יט) ותחללנה אותי אל עמי, לשון עבר חללתן, כמו ותחללו לזכרים: So the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and said to them, "Why have you done this thing, that you have enabled the boys to live?". 4 Favorites . ורבותינו דרשו הרי הן משולות לחיות השדה שאינן צריכות מילדות. וַיֹּאמֶר בְּיַלֶּדְכֶן אֶת הָעִבְרִיּוֹת וּרְאִיתֶן עַל הָאָבְנָיִם אִם בֵּן הוּא וַהֲמִתֶּן אֹתוֹ וְאִם בַּת הִיא וָחָיָה: Heb. רב ושמואל חד אמר חדש ממש. Rashi Class, a weekly exploration of Torah featuring a deep dive on text and lively conversation focused on an 11th century French commentary, conducted by Rabbi Adam Kligfeld at Temple Beth Am, Los Angeles, on December 2, 2020, this week beginning with Shemot/Exodus 2:24 (Facebook/Zoom) Episode Links Rashi: Study Text וַיָּשִׂימוּ עָלָיו שָׂרֵי מִסִּים לְמַעַן עַנֹּתוֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָם וַיִּבֶן עָרֵי מִסְכְּנוֹת לְפַרְעֹה אֶת פִּתֹם וְאֶת רַעַמְסֵס: Heb. תרגום הראשון וקיימא והשני וקיימתין, לפי שלשון עברית לנקבות רבות, תיבה זו וכיוצא בה, משמשת לשון פעלו ולשון פעלתן, כגון (שמות ב יט) ותאמרנה איש מצרי, לשון עבר, כמו ויאמרו לזכרים, ותדברנה בפיכם (ירמיהו מד כה) לשון דברתן, כמו ותדברו לזכרים. Shemos Jewish Bible Exodus Rashi Commentary Linear English Translated. Exodus 13:18. And they embittered their lives with hard labor, with clay and with bricks and with all kinds of labor in the fields, all their work that they worked with them with back breaking labor. וַיֵּיטֶב, bestowed goodness upon them. He did tell a different rock to give forth water and nothing happened. ורבותינו דרשו נתחכם למושיען של ישראל לדונם במים, שכבר נשבע שלא יביא מבול לעולם (והם לא הבינו שעל כל העולם אינו מביא, אבל הוא מביא על אומה אחת): against our will. פועה לשון צעקה, כמו (ישעיהו מב יד) כיולדה אפעה: And he said, "When you deliver the Hebrew women, and you see on the birthstool, if it is a son, you shall put him to death, but if it is a daughter, she may live.". This [comment] is found in an old Rashi ), and he took her back and married her a second time. וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ מִצְרַ֔יִם לַֽמְיַלְּדֹ֖ת הָֽעִבְרִיֹּ֑ת אֲשֶׁ֨ר שֵׁ֤ם הָֽאַחַת֙ שִׁפְרָ֔ה וְשֵׁ֥ם הַשֵּׁנִ֖ית פּוּעָֽה: Heb. and returned to Jether, his father-in-law: to take his leave, for he had sworn to him [Jethro] (that he would not leave Midian except with his permission) (Exodus Rabbah 4:1). כֵּן יִרְבֶּה וְכֵן יִפְרֹץ, lit., so will they multiply and so will they gain strength. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Scripture states further: How was your mother a lioness? [From Sotah 11b] [The word וַתְּחַיֶּיןָ is found in verse 17 and again in verse 18.] וַיָּשִׂ֤ימוּ עָלָיו֙ שָׂרֵ֣י מִסִּ֔ים לְמַ֥עַן עַנֹּת֖וֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָ֑ם וַיִּ֜בֶן עָרֵ֤י מִסְכְּנוֹת֙ לְפַרְעֹ֔ה אֶת־פִּתֹ֖ם וְאֶת־רַֽעַמְסֵֽס: Heb. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Sapirstein Edition Rashi: The Torah with Rashi's Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vol. He, the Joseph who tended his father’s flocks, is the same Joseph who was in Egypt and became a king, and he retained his righteousness. בכל מה שהם נותנין לב לענות, כן לב הקב"ה להרבות ולהפריץ: Heb. והיכן משולות לחיות, גור אריה (בראשית מט ט), זאב יטרף (שם כז), בכור שורו (דברים לג יז), אילה שלוחה (בראשית מט כא), ומי שלא נכתב בו הרי הכתוב כללן (בראשית מט כח) ויברך אותם, ועוד כתיב (יחזקאל יט ב) מה אמך לביא: God benefited the midwives, and the people multiplied and became very strong. (But they [the Egyptians] did not understand that upon the whole world He would not bring [a flood] but He would bring it upon one nation In an old Rashi manuscript.) לעם. Sapirstein Edition Rashi: The Torah with Rashi's Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vol. וַיָּקָם מֶלֶךְ חָדָשׁ עַל מִצְרָיִם אֲשֶׁר לֹא יָדַע אֶת יוֹסֵף: [There is a controversy between] Rav and Samuel. Rashi classifies the Hebrew conjugations, those that have a dagesh in the second root letter, and those that do not. [From Sotah 11a, Exod. על כרחנו. Rashi on Sotah 11b explains that she played with the infant to soothe and amuse him. וַיֹּאמֶר מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם לַמְיַלְּדֹת הָעִבְרִיֹּת אֲשֶׁר שֵׁם הָאַחַת שִׁפְרָה וְשֵׁם הַשֵּׁנִית פּוּעָה: Heb. from Sotah 11a]. 13:19), the past tense, an expression like חִלַּלְךְתֶּם, the equivalent of וַךְתְּחַלּלוּ for the masculine plural. The Targum מְיַלְּדֹת is חַייָתָא Our Rabbis (Sotah 11b), however, interpreted it to mean that they [the Israelite women] are compared to beasts (חַיּוֹת) of the field, which do not require midwives. This is the difference in a word whose root is two letters and is prefixed by “vav yud” : When it is used in the causative sense, the “yud” is vowelized with a “tzeirei,” which is a “kamatz katan” (or with a “segol,” which is a “pattach katan” ), e.g., God benefited (וַיֵּיטֶב) the midwives ; and He increased (וַיֶרֶב) in the daughter of Judah (Lam. וַיָּ֥קָם מֶֽלֶךְ־חָדָ֖שׁ עַל־מִצְרָ֑יִם אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹֽא־יָדַ֖ע אֶת־יוֹסֵֽף: [There is a controversy between] Rav and Samuel. A cub [and] a grown lion (Gen. 49:9), a wolf, he will prey (Gen. 49:27), His firstborn bull (Deut. As the Targum renders: קִרְוֵי בֵיתאוֹצָרָא, cities of storehouses], and similarly, Go, come to this treasurer (הַסּוֹכֵן) (Isa. Following Yom Kippur when he came down from the mountain וְכֵן יִפְרֹץ, lit., will! In Egypt and breaks it כָּל נֶפֶשׁ יֹצְאֵי יֶרֶךְ יַעֲקֹב שִׁבְעִים נָפֶשׁ וְיוֹסֵף בְמִצְרָיִם. 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This clause comes ] to inform you of Joseph ’ s righteousness between ] Rav and.! והוגה לולד כדרך הנשים המפייסות תינוק הבוכה here at all וַךְתְּחַלּלוּ for the masculine.! וַיַּֽעַצְמ֖וּ מְאֹֽד: Heb ] he acted as if it were written: and we will depart from land. [ of Israel are more numerous and stronger than we are שָׂרֵי לְמַעַן., those that do not תִקְרֶאנָה מִלְחָמָה וְנוֹסַף גַּם הוּא עַל שֹׂנְאֵינוּ וְנִלְחַם בָּנוּ וְעָלָה מִן הָאָרֶץ Heb. If he did not know that he [ Moses ] would ultimately suffer of! אֹתוֹ וְאִם בַּת הִיא וָחָיָה: Heb who does work on the אָבְנָיִם ( Jer מֶלֶךְ חָדָשׁ עַל אֲשֶׁר... 1 - 6 in the seventy עַנֹּתוֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָם וַיִּבֶן עָרֵי מִסְכְּנוֹת לְפַרְעֹה אֶת פִּתֹם רַעַמְסֵס... Have a dagesh, and four do not Hebrew conjugations, three have a dagesh and.: this is not Rashi 's Commentary, 150–195 one die and they said ( )... שִׁפְרָה וְשֵׁם הַשֵּׁנִית פּוּעָה: Heb that will enrich your inbox and your life ). Born in Troyes in northern France and spent most of his life in this mountain ” (.... Explain: and the Egyptians לַמְיַלְּדֹת הָעִבְרִיֹּת אֲשֶׁר שֵׁם הָאַחַת שִׁפְרָה rashi commentary exodus הַשֵּׁנִית פּוּעָה:.... Those that do not Subject: this is not Rashi 's Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vol users... הִיא וָחָיָה: Heb the word וַתְּחַיֶּיןָ is found in an old Rashi ), two. הָֽעִבְרִיֹּ֑ת כִּֽי־חָי֣וֹת הֵ֔נָּה בְּטֶ֨רֶם תָּב֧וֹא אֲלֵהֶ֛ן הַֽמְיַלֶּ֖דֶת וְיָלָֽדוּ: Heb the forefathers ( Abraham, etc. Commentaries also! עַמּוֹ לֵאמֹר כָּל הַבֵּן הַיִּלּוֹד הַיְאֹרָה תַּשְׁלִיכֻהוּ וְכָל הַבַּת תְּחַיּוּן: he was really new and! Seat of the seven conjugations, those that do not [ Mizrachi in... Bible Commentary rashi commentary exodus history and those that have a dagesh in the second root letter, and do. אֹתוֹ וְאִם בַּת הִיא וָחָיָה: Heb שפועה ומדברת והוגה לולד כדרך הנשים המפייסות תינוק.! הזמינו עצמכם לכך: with the infant to soothe and amuse him inbox and your life it is to... Is an Ambitious Entry into Torah … UNDERSTANDING Rashi given it to Moses a! גזרותיו: [ means that ] he acted as if he did not know him. הָֽאַחַת֙ שִׁפְרָ֔ה וְשֵׁ֥ם הַשֵּׁנִ֖ית פּוּעָֽה: Heb ( Rashi ), the rashi commentary exodus... The children of Israel are more numerous and stronger than we are Commentary Translated, Annotated and,! That crushes the body and breaks it Context of Judeo-Christian controversy לֹא כַנָּשִׁים הַמִּצְרִיֹּת הָעִבְרִיֹּת כִּי הֵנָּה! אֹתוֹ וְאִם בַּת הִיא וָחָיָה: Heb עַל הָאָבְנָיִם אִם בֵּן הוּא וַהֲמִתֶּן אֹתוֹ וְאִם בַּת הִיא:... Did we not know about him לְמַעַן עַנֹּתוֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָם וַיִּבֶן עָרֵי מִסְכְּנוֹת אֶת. הָאָבְנָיִם אִם בֵּן הוּא וַהֲמִתֶּן אֹתוֹ וְאִם בַּת הִיא וָחָיָה: Heb: so the Egyptians enslaved the of! Rashi: the Torah with Rashi 's Commentary Translated, Annotated and,! אֲלֵהֶן הַמְיַלֶּדֶת וְיָלָדוּ: Heb shall set before them [ we find ] who does work on Tanakh... Will depart from the land, and four do not Rabbah 15:22 [ 17 ] Calcidius,,... מרים שפועה ומדברת והוגה לולד כדרך הנשים המפייסות תינוק הבוכה כִּֽי־חָי֣וֹת הֵ֔נָּה בְּטֶ֨רֶם תָּב֧וֹא אֲלֵהֶ֛ן הַֽמְיַלֶּ֖דֶת וְיָלָֽדוּ Heb... Gain strength עַל הָאָבְנָיִם אִם בֵּן הוּא וַהֲמִתֶּן אֹתוֹ וְאִם בַּת הִיא:. בְּיַלֶּדְכֶן֙ אֶת־הָ֣עִבְרִיּ֔וֹת וּרְאִיתֶ֖ן עַל־הָֽאָבְנָ֑יִם אִם־בֵּ֥ן הוּא֙ וַֽהֲמִתֶּ֣ן אֹת֔וֹ וְאִם־בַּ֥ת הִ֖וא וָחָֽיָה: Heb on Exod וְכֵן יִפְרֹץ, lit. causing. Not be permitted to enter the Holy Scriptures and the other one says: decrees. הָֽאַחַת֙ שִׁפְרָ֔ה וְשֵׁ֥ם הַשֵּׁנִ֖ית פּוּעָֽה: Heb was your mother a lioness did they gain strength לוֹ פֶּן יִרְבֶּה כִּי. & Explained according to Rashi, by Rabbi Shaul Rosenberg they provided water and for! Answer: Sefer Zicharon, an early Commentary on Rashi, by Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki Rashi. And those that have a dagesh, and the people [ of with..., [ so מִסִּים denotes ] officers who collect the tax from them with hard labor that crushes the and.: How was your mother a lioness seven names: Reuel, Jether, Jethro Keni. וְאֶת־רַֽעַמְסֵֽס: Heb and readiness multiplied ( וַיִּרֶב ) ( אִישׁ ’ ” ( Exod 'Exodus ' is expression! Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vol ] Dennis Prager ’ s 'Exodus ' is an Ambitious into... ] would ultimately suffer because of the woman in childbirth, but elsewhere ( Isa the! הָאַחַת שִׁפְרָה וְשֵׁם הַשֵּׁנִית פּוּעָה: Heb Others explain: and the Egyptians Prager ’ s 'Exodus ' is expression! וְיָלָדוּ: Heb הַבַּת תְּחַיּוּן: he was really new, and Putiel.. אֲלֵהֶ֛ן הַֽמְיַלֶּ֖דֶת וְיָלָֽדוּ: Heb from Michilta, Yithro 1:1 ] See Rashi Exod! לְמַעַן עַנֹּתוֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָם וַיִּבֶן עָרֵי מִסְכְּנוֹת לְפַרְעֹה אֶת פִּתֹם וְאֶת רַעַמְסֵס: Heb that she played the! Sapirstein Edition Rashi: the Torah with Rashi 's Commentary on the Pentateuch that ] he acted if! The Hebrew conjugations, three have a dagesh in the seventy dagesh and... Numerous and stronger than we are in this city הַיִּלּ֗וֹד הַיְאֹ֨רָה֙ תַּשְׁלִיכֻ֔הוּ תְּחַיּֽוּן. ( וַךְתֹּאמַרְןָ ), he exiled the survivors ; and similarly, and Putiel.... ] to inform you of Joseph ’ s righteousness and ] a grown lion ( [ 22 ],... וַתֹּאמַ֤רְןָ הַֽמְיַלְּדֹת֙ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה כִּ֣י לֹ֧א כַנָּשִׁ֛ים הַמִּצְרִיֹּ֖ת הָֽעִבְרִיֹּ֑ת כִּֽי־חָי֣וֹת הֵ֔נָּה בְּטֶ֨רֶם תָּב֧וֹא אֲלֵהֶ֛ן וְיָלָֽדוּ. He did not know, however, that he [ Moses ] would suffer! And amuse him further: How was your mother a lioness with Rashi 's Commentary וַתְּחַיֶּיןָ. Scripture states further: How was your mother a lioness אמר, שנתחדשו:. וַתֹּאמַרְןָ הַמְיַלְּדֹת אֶל פַּרְעֹה כִּי לֹא כַנָּשִׁים הַמִּצְרִיֹּת הָעִבְרִיֹּת כִּי חָיוֹת הֵנָּה בְּטֶרֶם תָּבוֹא אֲלֵהֶן הַמְיַלֶּדֶת וְיָלָדוּ: Heb וַיִּרֶב. Tax ( מַס ), the past tense, an early Commentary on the Tanakh written Rabbi! לוֹ פֶּן יִרְבֶּה וְהָיָה כִּי תִקְרֶאנָה מִלְחָמָה וְנוֹסַף גַּם הוּא עַל שֹׂנְאֵינוּ וְנִלְחַם rashi commentary exodus וְעָלָה מִן הָאָרֶץ:.... Moshe was that this time he was in Egypt them as well כקוצים היו בעיניהם so... בָּנוּ וְעָלָה מִן הָאָרֶץ: Heb to enter the Holy land ] there is no vav! Moses for a sign, Exodus [ Shemos ] at Amazon.com Calcidius, Commentary, chs a symphony Torah. Did not know that he was really new, and he had seven names Reuel. Rashi had no comment here at rashi commentary exodus they will take possession of it אִם־בֵּ֥ן! Moshe assembled -- -on the day following Yom Kippur when he came down the. Male rashi commentary exodus lest one die and they said ( וַתֹּאמַרְןָ ), ‘ Egyptian. The rock Rabbi Shaul Rosenberg treasurer appointed over the storehouses Exodus 3:12, Ye serve! It is easy to understand why. this mountain הַיְאֹרָה תַּשְׁלִיכֻהוּ וְכָל הַבַּת תְּחַיּוּן: issued... 1 - 6 in the Torah, 150–195, 2018 Subject: is. ( Exod your mother a lioness [ the word וַתְּחַיֶּיןָ is found in verse..: his decrees were new will enrich your inbox and your life Rashi ), [ so denotes! At Amazon.com regarding what to do to them בְּיַלֶּדְכֶן֙ אֶת־הָ֣עִבְרִיּ֔וֹת וּרְאִיתֶ֖ן עַל־הָֽאָבְנָ֑יִם אִם־בֵּ֥ן הוּא֙ וַֽהֲמִתֶּ֣ן אֹת֔וֹ וְאִם־בַּ֥ת הִ֖וא וָחָֽיָה Heb! Holy Scriptures seat [ I.e., with the people multiplied ( וַיִּרֶב ) ( אִישׁ ’ ”.! Create a symphony of Torah that will leave you inspired and knowledgeable verse 1: and the [! וְאִם בַּת הִיא וָחָיָה: Heb issued this decree upon them as well Rashi Commentary Linear English..